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CR109 Chapel Choir (1)

Comprised of undergraduate students in their first year of study, Chapel Choir focuses on music for men's, women's and mixed chorus.  The ensemble provides the fundamentals of artistic choral ensemble singing and a foundation for all Westminster choral ensembles. Placement hearing required.

CR 209 Schola Cantorum (1)
Comprised of undergraduate students in their second year of study, Schola Cantorum focuses on music for mixed chorus and continues to build and refine the skills developed in Chapel Choir.  This ensemble presents campus, community and regional performances.  Placement hearing required.

CR215 Fundamentals of Conducting (3)
This course provides the foundation of conducting technique and philosophy. The overall focus of the course is to establish the important relationship between ear, body and the choral sound. Prerequisite: TH141. Offered every semester.

CR315 Techniques of Conducting (3)
Continued development of conducting technique with emphasis on more complex styles and patterns, and on communication through appropriate gestures.  Further improvement in conducting various dynamics and articulations, as well as more effective use of the left hand. Rehearsal procedures, repertoire programming, score preparation and baton techniques are incorporated into the course. Prerequisite: CR215. Offered every semester.

CR505 Advanced Conducting (3)
A continuation of the conducting studies begun in CR215 and CR315, this course aims to be more student-centered, following the process from repertoire planning to the final performance.  Intensive score preparation, advanced rehearsal techniques, performance practice and baton technique. Prerequisite: CR315. Offered every other fall.

CR509 Symphonic Choir (1)
A large mixed chorus comprised of students above the lower division, including graduate students from all disciplines. The ensemble regularly performs in the region and focuses on the major choral/orchestral repertoire along with a wide variety of repertoire for large mixed chorus. Placement hearing required.

CR511 Westminster Choir (1)
A highly select ensemble that performs and records a wide variety of choral repertoire, the Westminster Choir regularly tours nationally and internationally, and aspires to the highest professional standards.  Members are selected by audition from all Westminster students above the freshman level.  The requirements for selection include good academic standing, strong musicianship and superior vocal talent. Auditions are held in the fall semester and students participate for the academic year.

CR513 Williamson Voices (1)
A chamber choir with a unique mission that combines performance and outreach education.  Repertoire is chosen from a broad spectrum of literature, including world music and contemporary choral works.  Auditions are held in the fall semester and students participate for the academic year.

CR515 Westminster Kantorei (1)
An early music vocal chamber ensemble specializing in music before 1750, with occasional forays into more contemporary repertoire.  [Although the ensemble will generally consist of around 16 singers, the exact make-up of the ensemble will vary from semester to semester, depending on the works to be studied and performed.] Repertoire will include works for vocal ensemble and works featuring significant solo work.  The entire ensemble will rehearse three hours per week.  Keyboardists may audition for the ensemble.  Auditions are held in the fall semester and students participate for the academic year.  

CR517 Master Singers (1)
A mixed ensemble serving as the choir for Graduate Conducting, Sacred Music and Music Education majors.  Repertoire consists of a wide variety of choral works drawn from all style periods, works appropriate for use in churches and in schools at the secondary and post-secondary levels.  Four semesters are required for all graduate Choral Conducting majors.  Two semesters are required for Sacred Music majors, and those Music Education majors who have selected conducting as their performance field.  This ensemble is non-auditioned and open to all students.

CR524 Vocal Techniques for Choirs (3)
Study of vocal techniques appropriate for use in choral rehearsals and for teaching class voice. Techniques for effecting change in group vocal production are discussed, including such topics as the identification of group vocal problems and mental and physical preparation of a group for good vocal production. Techniques to be developed include (1) how to communicate information about vocal technique to amateur singers, (2) exercises used to develop choral sound by improving diction, dynamics, legato, staccato, martellato, high and low registers, resonance, vowel modification, etc., (3) how to train singers to use a vocal production specifically appropriate to the repertoire of various style periods and the demands of individual composers, and (4) conducting methods for good choral and vocal training. Recommended both for conducting majors and for students in other major programs, including those for whom the voice is not the primary performance medium. Offered every other year.

CR607 Conducting Performance (1)
Graduate Conducting, Sacred Music and Music Education students (with a conducting concentration) enroll for Conducting Performance in the semester of their recital or major conducting project.

CR621 Choral Conducting I (3)
A study of conducting to develop technique through facial expression, breathing, alignment and gesture.  Emphasis is placed on developing and refining a process of score study. This course will assist conductors in evaluating their conducting and preparing them to make conducting decisions based upon score study. Offered every fall.

CR622 Choral Conducting II (3)
In addition to building on the conducting skills taught in Conducting I, this course will focus upon acquisition of a broad range of rehearsal methods and techniques and gaining a comprehensive knowledge of choral ensemble warm-up philosophies, methods and techniques.  Conductors will continue to study various approaches to score analysis that aid in preparation for rehearsal.  Participants in the course will be required to submit a comprehensive case study which focuses on rehearsal technique and rehearsal procedures. Prerequisite: CR621. Offered every spring.

CR627 Choral Literature I (3)
A broad survey of choral repertoire from Gregorian chant to present-day compositions. Emphasis is placed upon knowing the availability and sources of music of major composers and of music appropriate for performance in today’s churches and schools. Offered every fall.

CR628 Choral Literature II (3)
A study of selected major choral works, involving analytical and stylistic study. Oral reports by class members on assigned topics. Offered every spring.

CR642 Conducting Primary (1)
Intensive private study with a member of the conducting faculty.  An assessment of the student's needs is evaluated during the first semester to form an individual-based syllabus for each semester.  Two semesters are required for graduate Choral Conducting majors.  One semester must be taken concurrently with CR607 Conducting Performance.

CR681 Baroque Performance Practice (2)
A practical and theoretical study of issues of Baroque performance practice, including tempo, phrasing and articulation, ornamentation, rhythmic alternation, qualities of sound, continuo practice, influence of dance, affect and national idioms. Primary source materials will serve as the basic core of readings for the course, supplemented and supported by recordings and contemporary resources. In the later half of the semester, students will perform in a series of master classes. Prerequisites for undergraduates: MH248, TH241. Offered in rotation with other Conducting free electives.

CR710 Seminar in Choral Literature(3)
An intensive study of a specific area of choral history and literature.  The content of this course will vary from semester to semester with the special interests and qualifications of the professor teaching it.  Emphasis is placed upon in-depth study of the selected repertoire.  Undergraduate prerequisite:  Permission of instructor.  May be repeated for credit.  Offered every spring.drills, and gestural work.

CR720 Graduate Conducting Forum (1)
A conducting seminar that focuses on the synthesis of gesture, score study and pedagogy.  Select repertoire and research materials will be conducted, analyzed and discussed.  Focus will be given to orals preparation and current choral conducting issues.  This course may be repeated for credit. Offered every spring.